sábado, octubre 10, 2009

El futuro del periodismo: Conferencia en Yale

Si, como ya han avanzado varios autores, Internet es ante todo una tecnología de desintermediación, resulta tentador dar por muertos a los mediadores profesionales de la información, a sueldo de las agonizantes empresas periodísticas.

Cierto, hay aspectos de los medios tradicionales que nadie echará en falta (su cercanía y, en algunos casos, servilismo a los poderes fácticos), pero el ethos del periodismo (ese desorden bipolar que llama a la vez a la implicación y a la distancia) se está desvaneciendo con los diarios impresos. Como escribe Mark Bowden en The Atlantic, la búsqueda de la verdad se sustituye por la búsqueda de la victoria de un determinado bando ideológico.

Hasta ahora el reporterismo más independiente lo era por el respaldo de una empresa cuya independencia política se fundamentaba en su éxito comercial. Pero el modelo de negocio periodístico tradicional está en crisis, y se teme que se lleve al propio periodismo por delante. De ahí la pertinencia de la conferencia El periodismo y la ecología de los nuevos medios: ¿Quién pagará a los mensajeros?, que se celebrará en la Universidad de Yale el 13 y 14 de noviembre de 2009, y a la que asistirán académicos y profesionales de la comunicación. El programa se detalla a continuación. Información e inscripciones en la web del simposio.

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Journalism and the new media ecology: Who will pay the messengers?

The Conference is planned to explore four underlying questions about the future of journalism. They are provoking scholarship and substantial differences.

• How will citizens get the information they must have to make the informed decisions on which democracy depends?

• What value do national and local “legacy” media provide? Should they be preserved or replaced, and if so, how?

• What role will trained journalists continue to play in the gathering and editing of news and information?

• How will those who gather and deliver ‘high value’ information be compensated for their work?

We will explore and debate each of these questions, and more.

Friday November 13, 2009

10:00 A.M.
WELCOME AND INTRODUCTION – Dean Robert Post, Professor Jack Balkin

10:15 A.M. – 12:00 P.M.
I. WHO USES THE NEWS AND HOW?
Is the demand for news growing or contracting and why? Who seeks out and reads what kinds of information and commentary? How are the demographics of the news audience changing and are these changes driven by changes in media? Has the range of choices offered by digital media led the public away from news they ought to receive but are unlikely to seek out?
  • Tom Rosenstiel, Director, Pew Center for Excellence in Journalism
  • Lee Rainie – Pew Internet & American Life Project
  • Steve Dennen VP, Comscore
  • Joel Waldfogel (invited) Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania

12:00 – 1:00 P.M. – Lunch

1:00 – 3:00 P.M.
II. PRESERVING LOCAL JOURNALISM
Do national media divert eyes and ears from local media? Did President Obama’s Internet campaign initiatives and those of his allies encourage local voting and involvement? If so, what are the consequences for local voting and civic engagement? What is happening to local newspaper quality, content and availability? Can local online news sources supplement newspapers and newscasts? Can a mix of hyper-local digital and print media provide a stable solution? Does the condition and value of local journalism justify public subsidy?

Dimensions of the Challenge
  • Paul Starr, Princeton University
  • Steven Wildman, Michigan State University
  • Lisa George – Hunter College

Outlook for Solutions
  • Peter Shane – Executive Director, Knight Commission on the
  • News Needs of Communities.
  • Paul Bass – New Haven Independent.

3:00 – 3:15 Refreshments

3:15 – 4:45 P.M.
III, WHO WILL PAY THE MESSENGERS?
As the media ecology changes, how will investigation, editing, and production of news be structured and compensated? Legacy media have relied on a combination of subscriber-based and advertiser-based sources of income. Can subscriber-based and/or advertiserbased models survive in a digital environment and how will or must they change? To what extent can public sources of funding (non-profit organizations, foundation support, public media, government subsidies and tax credits) help sustain journalism in the new media ecology?

A. Publicly Owned and Operated Media
  • Ellen Goodman, Rutgers Law School
  • Josh Silver, Free Press
  • Laura Walker, General Manager, WNYC, New York
  • Lester Crystal, CEO, MacNeil Lehrer Productions

4:45 - 5:00 – Refreshments

5:00 – 6:45 P.M.
B. The Quest for Pay Models
  • Steven Brill, Journalism Online, Inc.
  • Martin Nissenholtz, New York Times
  • James Kennedy, AP, VP for Strategy
  • Tom Glocer, CEO, Thomson-Reuters (invited)
  • Robert Picard, Jonkoping University, Sweden
  • Penelope Abernathy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.

Saturday, November 14, 2009

8:15 – 9:00 Continental Breakfast

9:00 – 11:00 A.M.
WHO WILL PAY THE MESSENGERS? (cont’d)
B. The Changing Ecology of News Media
How do peer production models work and how well do they perform traditional journalistic functions? How does a networked public sphere operate and how does it provide salient information, quality information, and set agendas for deliberation and discussion? How do digital media change the relationship between journalists and end users, and the way that news is gathered, produced, reported, and discussed? How are the profession of journalism and the professional values traditionally associated with it changing as a result of digital media?
  • Jack Balkin, Faculty Director, Knight Law and Media Program, Yale Law School.
  • Clay Shirky, NYU
  • Michael Schudson, Columbia Graduate School of Journalism and Len Downie, Managing Editor-at-Large, Washington POST.
  • Pablo Boczkowski, Northwestern University, Dept. of Communications
  • Jeff Jarvis, Knight New Media Program, CUNY.

11:00 - 11:15 A.M. Refreshments

11:15 AM – 12:45 PM
C. Non-Profit and Foundation-Funded Models
  • L3C’s - Robert Lang, Manweller Foundation
  • David Swenson, Yale University (invited)
  • Patrick Kabat, YLS ’11; Nabiha Syed, YLS ‘11
  • Bill Buzenberg Lamb, Center for Public Integrity

12:45 - 1:45 P.M. Lunch

1:45 P.M. – 3:15 P.M.
D. Direct and Indirect Government Subsidies
  • Edwin Baker, University of Pennsylvania Law School (advocates tax credits for employers of actual editorial personnel)
  • Bruce Ackerman, Yale Law School
  • William W. Fisher, III, Harvard Law School, Berkman Center (invited).
  • Stephen Nevas, Executive Director, Knight Law and Media Program, Yale Law School.
  • Jonathan Leibowitz, Chairman, Federal Trade Commission (invited)

3:15 – 3:30 P.M. – Refreshments

3:30 – 5:00 P.M.
VI. The View from the Newsroom
  • David Carr, New York Times
  • Marcia Chambers, Yale Law School, Branford Eagle
  • Bill Mitchell, Poynter Institute, Editor, Poynter Online
  • Brooke Gladstone, (invited) On the Media, WNYC
  • Linda Greenhouse, Yale Law School
  • Moderator: Emily Bazelon, SLATE, Yale Law School

Adjourn

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